• Romans overview (video): Part 1, Part 2
  • What is Romans?
    • Romans contains letters from Paul to the churches of Rome.
    • The church of Rome had existed for a long time and was made up of Jews and Gentiles.  Emperor Claudius had banished the Jews from the church for 5 years.  When the Jews returned there was a split between Gentiles and Jews in how they should follow Jesus and practice their faiths. Paul’s letters were an attempt to explain his faith and unite the Jews and the Gentiles into one faith worshiping Jesus. Paul hoped the Roman churches could become a staging ground to enable Paul to expand the church into Spain and beyond.
    • Romans is structured as follows:
      • Books 1-4: Revealing God’s Righteousness
      • Books 5-8: Creating a New Humanity
      • Books 9-11: Fulfilling God’s Promise to Israel
      • Books 12-16: Unifying the Church


  • Chapter 2 Summary:
    • Do not judge others since you do the same things. God’s kindness intends to turn you from your sins.
    • Everyone will be judged according to what they have done – those that live for themselves will be punished (Jews first, then Gentiles).
    • Those Gentiles who sin but do not have God’s written law will still be punished. (2:12)
      • Gentiles instinctive obey God’s law even though they have never heard it (2:14)
    • Merely listening to the law is not enough – you must obey it as well. (2:13)
    •  Jesus will judge everyone’s secret life (2:16)
    • Jews boast about a special relationship with God (2:17) yet continue to sin (2:21-2:27)
    • Jews who don’t obey God’s law are not God’s chosen people. Gentiles who obey God’s law can be God’s chosen people. (2:25-2:26, 2:28-2:30).  Note: This contradicts the belief of most Jews – this might be why Jews don’t read or study the New Testament.

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